There were a number of excellent primary and secondary schools in the valley and adjacent communities.
Cwmafan Primary and Secondary Schools
Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg
The school, located in the small community of Oakwood, was an Alma Mater for actor Richard Burton who grew up in Oakwood. Known locally as “the Welsh school”, it was an all-Welsh school, and later became the English-only Pontrhydyfen Primary School. Regrettably, the school closed at the end of August 2015.
All students graduating from infants school went on to junior school. At age 11 all students in Wales sat a national scholarship exam, known as the 11-plus, administered by the Welsh Joint Education Committee (WJEC); The top 10% by exam score went on to one of the two grammar schools in Aberafan (Glanafan Grammar aka County School and Dyffryn), while the remaining 90% of students attended secondary school.
Grammar schools in Wales became comprehensive schools by the late 1970’s..
Dyffryn Grammar School
Located in Margam, adjacent to Afan College.
Port Talbot College of Technology
Subsequently called Afan College, and now part of Neath Port Talbot College.